A fracture is a broken bone, which can manifest as a complete or partial fracture in various directions – crosswise, lengthwise or into multiple pieces. The severity will depend on the condition of the bone as well as the force it underwent.
Fractures are classified as:
Some common fractures include:
Fractures can happen in a variety of ways. Most are due to trauma or force, with others due to pathological conditions or overuse.
Some causes include:
Intense pain and immobility are common signs of a fracture.
Other symptoms may include:
Sometimes, fracture symptoms can resemble other conditions, so an inspection by a doctor is always recommended.
There are 206 bones in the human body providing its shape, support for the movement, and protection of vital organs. Bones also transport blood and lymphatic fluid as well as house marrow and its vital nutrients.
There are three components to a bone:
While bones are rigid, they do have the capacity to bend and give, but when a force is too great, they can break.
The human body has the ability to heal fractures by forming a blood clot that calcifies to connect broken pieces of bone.
Left unattended, healing can be limited or permanently deform the bone. For a complete recovery assistance will be needed so bones can reconfigure in an anatomically correct way.
In most cases this is simply a plaster, however, surgery may be required if a bone is displaced.
Non-surgical treatments include:
Severe or dislocated fractures may require surgery.
Fractures which have not healed are called non-unions, while fractures that heal in the wrong position are called malunions. These may require further surgery to be corrected.
Open Reduction and Internal Fixation
This procedure involves the repositioning of damaged bone fragments into their normal position, then fixed into place with special screws or attachments.